1 "The Qur'an," E. H. Palmer, Part I, Sura 11:96 ff.

2 Hughes' Dictionary of Islam, p. 168. In a beautifully illustrated Persian book of Traditions found in the Sultaniah Museum, Cairo, there is a picture of these culprits.

3 "Fetichism in West Africa," p. 213.

4 Mishkat, XXI, C. I., Part 2.

5 Hughes' Dictionary, p. 303.

6 Surah 113.

7 Vol. II, pp. 298-7 and 300.

8 The Jewish Encyclopedia, article Knot.

9 See " Al Razi," Vol. VIII, pp. 559-564. Here we also learn that an afrit used to tease Mohammed, so Gabriel taught him to repeat this chapter at bed-time. It was also given him as a charm against the evil eye.

10 "Malay Magic," p. 570.

11 "Malay Magic," p. 571.

12 Cf. Frazer, The Corn Spirit, in his "The Golden Bough."

13 From the article on Magic by E. Rehatsek, M.C.E., in the Journal of the Asiatic Society, Vol. XIV, No. 37.

14 See Lane's Dictionary.

15 In the name of God the merciful, the compassionate.

16 A full account of another cup of this character was given by E. Rehatsek, M.C.E., in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Soc., Vol. XIV, No. 37. Our illustration is taken from this article.